What is Sodium?

Sodium is an electrolyte that is essential to muscular hydration and contraction. Sodium has many forms, but most sodium we consume is from salt.

Pre-Workouts With Sodium

How Does Sodium Improve Exercise?

Sodium is an essential electrolyte that plays a crucial role in maintaining proper fluid balance, nerve function, and muscle contraction in the body. When it comes to exercise, sodium becomes particularly important for several reasons:

Electrolyte Balance:

Sodium is one of the key electrolytes in the body, and it works in conjunction with others like potassium and chloride to maintain the balance of fluids in and around cells. During exercise, especially intense or prolonged exercise, the body loses electrolytes through sweat. Replenishing sodium helps restore the electrolyte balance, preventing dehydration and maintaining proper cell function.

Fluid Balance:

Sodium is closely linked to fluid balance in the body. Adequate sodium intake helps regulate blood volume and blood pressure, which is crucial for maintaining cardiovascular health during exercise. It also helps prevent conditions like hyponatremia, which can occur when sodium levels in the body become dangerously low due to excessive fluid intake without sufficient sodium replacement.

Nerve Function:

Sodium plays a vital role in nerve impulse transmission. Proper nerve function is essential for coordinating muscle contractions and ensuring smooth movement during exercise. Maintaining adequate sodium levels helps support efficient communication between nerves and muscles.

Muscle Contraction:

Sodium is involved in the process of muscle contraction. During exercise, especially activities that involve repetitive or sustained muscle contractions, maintaining sufficient sodium levels helps prevent muscle cramps and ensures optimal muscle function.

Energy Metabolism:

Sodium is involved in the transport of nutrients, including glucose, into cells. This is important for providing the energy needed during exercise. Proper sodium levels support efficient energy metabolism, contributing to improved exercise performance.

How Much Sodium Should You Consume?

It’s important to note that while sodium is essential, balance is key. Too much or too little sodium can have negative effects on health. Athletes and individuals engaging in regular exercise may have increased sodium needs, especially if they sweat heavily.

However, individual requirements can vary, and it’s advisable to consult with a healthcare or nutrition professional to determine specific sodium needs based on factors such as age, health status, and the type and intensity of exercise. Additionally, maintaining an overall balanced diet with a variety of nutrients is crucial for supporting overall health and performance.


Body Composition